[2023] netstat Command To Check Port : A powerful tool in a network admin’s arsenal.

We all techies know how important the ‘Ports’ are. Ports act as gateways that allow communication between different devices over a network. Monitoring and managing ports is essential for network administrators, security professionals, and anyone seeking to optimize network performance.

netstat Command To Check Port

 

 

Today we will learn about the netstat command to check Port.

 

netstat command is a powerful tool in a network administrator’s arsenal. With this command, you can gain valuable insights into the open ports on your system, view active network connections, and identify any potential security risks. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the netstat command to check ports, providing you with the knowledge and expertise to take control of your network.

Before diving into the details of the netstat command, let’s first understand what ports are and how they function within the realm of computer networks. In simple terms, ports are numerical addresses that enable communication between devices over a network. They allow different applications and services to interact and exchange data.

In the TCP/IP protocol suite, ports are divided into two categories:

  1. well-known ports (0-1023)
  2. dynamic or private ports (1024-65535).

Well-known ports are assigned to specific services such as HTTP (port 80) and HTTPS (port 443), while dynamic ports are used for temporary connections.

What is the netstat Command? : netstat Command To Check Port

The netstat command is a powerful utility available in most operating systems, including Windows, Linux, and macOS. It provides valuable information about network connections, network interfaces, and port usage. By using the netstat command, you can monitor active connections, identify open ports, and troubleshoot network-related issues.

 

How to Access the netstat Command

Accessing the netstat command varies depending on the operating system you are using. Let’s explore how to access it on popular platforms:

  • Windows: To access the netstat command on Windows, open the command prompt by pressing Win+R and then typing cmd. In the command prompt window, enter netstat and press Enter
  • Linux: On Linux systems, open a terminal window and type netstat. Press Enter to execute the command.
  • macOS: In macOS, open the Terminal application, which can be found in the Utilities folder within the Applications folder. Then, enter netstat in the terminal and press Enter

 

You can refer to the below books to master Linux from basics to advanced :

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Basic Usage with flags or options of the netstat Command ( We will use Mac/Linux or similar for examples)

The basic syntax of the netstat command is as follows:

netstat [options]

By executing the netstat command without any options, you can retrieve a list of active connections, both incoming and outgoing. However, to gain more specific information about ports, connections, and network statistics, you can utilize various options or flags provided by the netstat command.

Different most used options available: You can utilise man command to find the below options.

The options have the following meaning:

     -A    With the default display, show the address of any protocol control blocks associated with sockets and the flow hash; used for debugging.

     -a    With the default display, show the state of all sockets; normally sockets used by server processes are not shown.

     -I interface

     -i    Show the state of interfaces which have been auto-configured (interfaces statically configured into a system, but not located at boot time are not shown).  

     -l    Print full IPv6 address.

     -n    Show network addresses as numbers (normally netstat interprets addresses and attempts to display them symbolically).  This option may be used with any of the display formats.

     -p protocol

           Show statistics about protocol, which is either a well-known name for a protocol or an alias for it.  Some protocol names and aliases are listed in the file /etc/protocols.    

      -t    To list TCP ports

     -u   To list  udp ports

 

To get the port on which a program is running.

 

The below command will display a list of active connections, as well as the ports on which the system is listening for new connections.

netstat -tulpn

 

netstat Command To Check Port

 

To get the port used by the process.

netstat -tulpn | grep sshd

netstat Command To Check Port


To get the process which is using the given port.

netstat -an | grep '443'
netstat Command

 

To list all TCP ports

netstat -at

netstat Command

 

 

To list all udp ports

netstat -au

netstat Command

 

Checking Listening Ports

Listening ports are crucial for establishing incoming connections. They allow applications or services to receive data from remote devices. To check for listening ports using the netstat command, you can use the – l or –listening option.

netstat -l

netstat

This command will display a list of all ports that are currently listening for incoming connections on your system.

Identifying Established Connections

Established connections refer to active network connections between your system and remote devices. Identifying these connections can be valuable in understanding which devices are currently communicating with your system. The netstat command provides an option to display established connections using the -a or –all option.

netstat -a
netstat

Executing this command will reveal all active connections, including the local and remote IP addresses including servers, as well as the corresponding ports.

Displaying Network Statistics

Monitoring network statistics can help you assess network performance and identify any anomalies or bottlenecks. The netstat command offers options to display detailed network statistics. The -s or --statistics option can be used to retrieve these statistics.

netstat -s
netstat Command To Check Port 

This command will provide you with comprehensive statistics, including packet transmission data, errors, and network interface usage.

Analyzing Port States

Ports can exist in different states, each representing a specific condition or mode of operation. Understanding these port states can help you identify potential security risks or abnormalities. The netstat command enables you to analyze port states using the -n or –numeric option.

netstat -n
netstat Command To Check Port

Executing this command will display port numbers and IP addresses in numerical format, allowing you to analyze the various port states.

 

To display the PID and program names

netstat -pt

netstat

 

Conclusion

In the world of computer networks, managing ports and understanding network connections are of utmost importance. The netstat command serves as a valuable tool for network administrators, security professionals, and anyone seeking to optimize their network performance and ensure its security.

By utilizing the netstat command, you can monitor active connections, identify open ports, analyze port states, and gain insights into network statistics. Armed with this knowledge, you can take proactive measures to enhance your network’s security, troubleshoot network-related issues, and ensure optimal performance.

Remember, mastering the netstat command is a journey that requires continuous learning and practice. As you explore its capabilities and understand its nuances, you will unlock the true potential of this powerful tool.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on netstat Command To Check Port and similar

Q1: What is the purpose of the netstat command?

The netstat command serves the purpose of providing detailed information about network connections, active ports, and network statistics. It is widely used by network administrators and security professionals to monitor and troubleshoot network-related issues.

Q2: How can I use the netstat command to check a specific port?

To check a specific port using the netstat command, you can utilize the -p or –program option along with the port number. For example, executing the following command will display information about the process associated with port 80:

netstat -p 80
Q3: Can the netstat command help in troubleshooting network issues?

Absolutely! The netstat command provides valuable insights into network connections, which can aid in identifying issues such as excessive connections, port conflicts, or unusual network activity. By analyzing the information provided by the netstat command, you can diagnose and troubleshoot network-related problems effectively.

Q4: What are the different port states displayed by the netstat command?

The netstat command displays various port states, including LISTENING, ESTABLISHED, CLOSED, TIME_WAIT, and more. These states indicate the status or condition of the ports and can help you identify any potential security risks or anomalies.

Q5: Are there any alternatives to the netstat command?

While the netstat  command is widely used and highly effective, there are alternative tools available for monitoring network connections and ports. Some popular alternatives include ss (Socket Statistics) and lsof (List Open Files). These tools provide similar functionality and can be used as alternatives to the netstat command.

Q6: How can I interpret the information provided by the netstat command?

Interpreting the information provided by the netstat command requires a basic understanding of network protocols and port states. By referring to relevant documentation and resources, such as the official documentation of your operating system or networking guides, you can gain the necessary knowledge to interpret the netstat command’s output effectively.

 

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